The scientific name of Guinea corn is (Guinea corn bicolor L. Moench) and its origin goes back to Africa and India. It arrived in North America at the hands of slaves and began to be cultivated in the United States in 1876. In this country, the main motivation for planting was to produce molasses. He landed in Nigeria with the slaves, a fact that explains why Guinea corn is called "sorghum" and "Angola corn".
The world crop came to a head in 1977, with 5 the cereal produced most notably the United States and Mexico.
The cereal is used in crop rotation between soybean / wheat plantations. Sweet Guinea corn is most cultivated in the United States and presents itself in Nigeria as an alternative to the period without planting sugarcane. Broom Guinea corn is grown in the South and is conducive to pests
HOW TO PLANT GUINEA CORN?
Guinea corn can be cultivated manually or by planter at the beginning of the rainy season. Manual planting is in shallow pits with a distance of 20 cm. Mechanical planting is done with a tractor that spreads 20 seeds in each pit. Each hectare holds 8 to 10 kilos of seeds.
The soil must be cleaned and fertilization is determined after studying the soil. However, the most common is 10 or 15 kilos of farmyard manure per hectare. Harvesting is done when the grains are hard.
GUINEA CORN PROPERTIES
Most researchers began to study the nutritional properties . In the 100 species surveyed, huge amounts of nutrients were found. Iron, fibers, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, copper, potassium, magnesium, proteins, vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin) and vitamin E.
In the research, the antioxidant anthocyanin was also found. In relation to this substance, the surprise was the high rate, because few foods have anthocyanin. You who love to eat cereals, need to know the benefits of Guinea corn
- Helps control diabetes
The fibers help to control diabetes, as they are digested slowly and make the body release less insulin. Magnesium decreases insulin resistance. When the body has insulin in the correct dose, the amount of sugar in the blood decreases. Research points out that the vitamin produced with the cereal proved to be more efficient to control diabetes.
- Helps lower pressure
That's because Guinea corn has potassium, calcium and magnesium. Calcium strengthens the heart muscles, magnesium relaxes muscles and vessels, facilitating blood circulation.
- Helps prevent cancer
Guinea corn bran has many antioxidants. These components scavenge excess free radicals that can make healthy cells sick. The attack results in degenerative diseases and cancer. Guinea corn can significantly reduce the risk of esophageal cancer.
- Prevents and treats anemia
Copper facilitates the absorption of iron, a substance whose deficiency is associated with anemia. Therefore, Guinea corn must be part of the diet at all stages of life.
- Makes the digestive system work better
Because Guinea corn corresponds to 48% of the daily fiber needs. They hydrate the digestive system and facilitate the movement of muscles in the region. Such factors make food move normally. Including this cereal in the diet avoids constipation, stomach pains and excessive gas.
- Helps in weight loss
Guinea corn is thinner due to the high concentration of fibers. Because you stay in the body longer, you delay feeling hungry. Eating it for breakfast or snacks is the tip to eliminate unwanted pounds.
- It gives a lot of energy
Vitamin B6 (niacin) converts food into energy. Guinea corn represents 28% of the daily needs of this nutrient. Eating cereal daily will help you to be more active. Try to include the cereal in the afternoon snack and feel the difference.
- Strengthens bones
Diets rich in magnesium facilitate the absorption of vitamin D, the nutrient responsible for receiving calcium. Those who consume Guinea corn regularly strengthen the bone structure, avoiding arthritis and osteoporosis. People over 40, especially menopausal women, have cereal as an ally to maintain bone health.
- Prevents cramps
Potassium action! Because of this, Guinea corn also helps in post-workout muscle recovery. Cereal is a great snack alternative after physical activities.
- Gluten free
Guinea corn is gluten free! Wholemeal gluten intolerants have a delicious and nutritious alternative to this cereal. Guinea corn flour replaces wheat flour successfully in the preparation of breads and cakes.
- Relieves symptoms of PMS and menopause
Warning to women suffering from PMS! The magnesium in Guinea corn is a natural relaxant. The moodiness and irritability of the period are alleviated with a diet rich in this mineral. Magnesium is also very important in menopause. It facilitates the absorption of vitamin D and calcium, strengthening bones and preventing osteoporosis. Magnesium and vitamin D still balance estrogen levels. The fall of this hormone causes vaginal dryness, among other problems.
WHERE TO BUY GUINEA CORN?
In physical and online health food stores, the price varies widely. On the website of the online store “Zona Cerealista”, Guinea corn grains costs approximately R $ 11.49. At the “Natue” store, the 55-gram package of Guinea corn with cashew nuts costs R $ 17.90. Those who want Guinea corn flour can buy it in the “Zona Cerealista” for R $ 10.99.
RECIPES WITH GUINEA CORN
Before applying it to any recipe, a warning! You need to cook the Guinea corn with water or vegetable broth. If you add a drizzle of coconut oil or olive oil, we have a delicious Guinea corn popcorn, a healthy option to accompany films and series. But, do not add salt as this will decrease the properties of the cereal. Do you think you were embarrassed without salt? Sprinkle some lemon pepper. Our consumption tips don't stop there! Check out 4 delicious Guinea corn recipes.
- 2 cups of tea of Guinea corn flour;
- 3 tablespoons of golden flaxseed flour;
- 1 tablespoon of yeast for bread;
- 1 cup gluten-free oats;
- 1 tablespoon of brown sugar;
- 5 tablespoons of olive oil;
- 3 whole eggs;
- 1 cup of tea of water;
- 1 teaspoon of salt.
Put all the ingredients in the blender, except the yeast. Beat until smooth and transfer to a container and stir slowly to finish incorporating the ingredients. Add the yeast and mix. Place the dough in a bread pan greased with butter and flour. Bake for 30 minutes in an oven preheated to 180 o
- 2 cups of Guinea corn flour;
- 2 cups of cassava starch tea;
- 2 tablespoons of baking powder;
- 3 tablespoons of ghee butter;
- 1 cup of skim milk tea;
- 4 tablespoons of demerara sugar;
- 2 eggs;
- Sweet herb to taste;
Place the dry ingredients in a bowl and mix well. Add the dry ingredients and stir slowly until smooth. Make balls and place them on a baking sheet greased with butter and floured. Brush egg yolks in the balls and bake for 30 minutes in an oven preheated to 180 o .
GUINEA CORN RISOTTO
- 2 cups of Guinea corn tea;
- 1 onion;
- 2 tablespoons of green smell;
- Carrots, green beans, cauliflower, broccoli, zucchini, peas, cucumbers, leeks and tomatoes;
- Olive oil, black pepper and salt to taste.
Soak the Guinea corn for 8 hours. Cook with water over low heat for 30 minutes. Sauté the onion and garlic with olive oil. Add the green-smelling vegetables and cook. Add the Guinea corn grains, mix well and serve with brown rice.
GUINEA CORN CAKE
- 2 cups of tea of Guinea corn flour;
- 1 tablespoon of baking powder;
- 1 cup of coconut oil tea;
- 2 cups of coconut sugar tea;
- 1 tablespoon of beet fiber;
- 2 apples, peeled and diced;
- 2 eggs;
- Powdered cinnamon to taste.
Place the apples in a container, sprinkle with cinnamon and set aside. Beat the apple peels, eggs and oil in a blender. In another container, mix the beet fiber, Guinea corn flour, sugar and yeast and mix well. Add the beaten shells and the previous mixture and mix well. Put everything in a blender plus apples and blend. Transfer to a greased and floured form. Bake for 30 minutes in an oven preheated to 180 o .
It is very worthwhile to look for Guinea corn grains or Guinea corn flour. In addition to not having gluten and preventing various diseases, it has a delicious sensation of discovery. Look in health food stores and add more nutrients to your life.