Raccoon is a medium sized mammal which is native to north America. It has a grayish coat which consist of dense underfur. This underfur helps in insulation against cold weather. It has many distinctive feature like front paws and facial mask which is a mythology for several native American tribes. They are very intelligent animal which can remember solution to tasks for up to three years.
THE OMNIVOROUS RACCOONS
Raccoons are omnivorous animals with 40 percent of invertebrates ,33 percent of plant foods and 27 percent of vertebrates. They live in deciduous and mixed forest .They are now also found in mountain areas, coastal marshes and also in urban areas. They are also kept in home as pets. In the mid 20th century, raccoons are distributed over European mainland ,the Caucasus region and in Japan.
Their gestation period is about 65 days. They give birth from 2 to 5 kits during spring. Captive raccoons are said to live for 20 years, but hunting and vehicular injury shortens this range.
What do raccoons eat, they eat different kinds of food. They mainly depend on what is available .They use their paws to catch fish ,to steal eggs, to pick fruits. They also use those paws to hatch birds from their nests.
They raid vegetable garden ,chicken house and garbage can. Thus they disturbs human lives. They also catches animals like rats ,squirrels ,small livestock, frogs, snakes, craw fish, worms and mollusks. They mostly go behind slow moving animals which is easier for them to catch.
They also depends on berries ,acorns and several other tree nuts. The raccoons found in cities find it difficult to search their foods. They do not get their preys which is abundant in wild areas. So, they depends on squirrels ,eggs, rodent and birds. City raccoons scavenge dumplings, garbage cans and they kill animals found in their way.
They takes pet foods from their homes and take fishes from the nearby ponds. sometimes they also approaches humans and beg for food. Their life expectancy is very less now a days, so the number of adult raccoon death are very low. They are very flexible and adaptable to every environment as they can endure wild coldness and have the capability to adjust catching the preys according to the availability. They hibernate through winter and find refugees within underground burrows and even inside the hollowed trees.
These creatures are highly clever so the humans should find a way to eliminate their existence in the nearby places. These species hit every food no matter what it is. they eat both plants and animals. They do not fail catching anything that comes in their way even filthy and rotten left overs. They seems to be very cute and smart on their appearance. But the fact that they are wild should be kept in mind before handling them .Rising this animal around the home is very difficult .This animal is very unpredictable and we will not be able to know how it to behave next. So we should be very much aware of this animals.
Most of the raccoons grow as medium size dogs .They are well known for their bandit mask as their markings on their face. They always prefer a safe nesting place because they want to keep their kits safe from the other animals as well from humans.